The Many Uses of Insulated Wire
Since the 1800s, insulated wire has been used for a variety of electrical and communication needs. Telegraphs were some of the first systems to use insulated wires to improve the connectivity and to prevent oxidation. Now, insulated wires consist of copper wire, aluminum wire, or nickel chromium inside a non-conductive material, usually a plastic or rubber. This type of wiring is best suitable for situations where corrosion is a problem as well as in home situations for safety. The top uses for insulated is in the automotive industry, high voltage uses, and for appliances.
Automotive Wire Uses
Wiring in the automotive industry consistors of mainly using tinned copper wire of varying thicknesses according to the actual need of the wire. For example, TWP is best suitable for confined spaces within automotive parts. Its gauge in thickness is between 10 and 22 AWG, it can withstand temperatures of -40 degrees Celsius up to + 90 degrees Celsius, and it is available in 14 different solid colors and stripes. In contrast, SXL is best used for circuit that requires a higher heat resistance. It can withstand temperatures up to 125 degrees Celsius and comes in gauges up to 8 AWG. Other available for automotive use include GPT, HDT, TXL, and GXL. While some manufacturers have begun to use aluminum wire, the standard for automobiles remains copper wire.
High Voltage Wiring
In high voltage and high temperature conditions, braidless silicone is one of the top choices available. Withstanding temperatures of up to 150 degrees Celsius, this braidless is very flexible and comes in gauges of 2 to 22 AWG. The conductor consists of tinned copper but is also available in silver plated copper and aluminum wire , pure nickel, or nickel-plated copper wire. Another high voltage wire available is a very flexible lead used for VOLT / OHM meters and other testing equipment.
Appliance and Motor Lead Wire
This type of insulated wiring is used for electronics that require higher temperatures such as transformers, motors, ballasts, selenoids as well as other devices. There are many types of available such as SIS with 600 volts and withstanding temperatures of up to 90 degrees Celsius. It also is available in gauge sizes of 2 to 14 AWG. A higher temperature is type MGS, which replays MGT. It can withstand 450 degrees Celsius with 600 volts and comes in gauges of 2 to 22 AWG. It is best suitable for industrial ovens, drying equipment, and electric heaters.