The gauge of a layout is the distance between the rails of a single track. The stability of this dimension is critical. Any discrepancy in the rails will cause derailments because the wheels of the train are fixed and cannot be adjusted.
The importance of gauge size is more complex than just a dimension. In part the hobby of model railroading is very successful mainly because the components are competitively priced. The manufacturers have therefore been forced into dimensional consistency and stability because the large manufacturers make model trains rolling stock and all accessories for all gauge sizes. Thankfully this reduces the cost for us and increases choice.
Uniformity is essential because if it was absent each manufacturer would have their own unique gauge’s and scales, prices would rocket and availability would inevitably suffer.
The easiest way to explain the two terms; gauge and scale is to talk about them both at the same time. Remember though that gauge is the track dimension and scale is the train size description.
Large model layouts all comprise of Gauge 1 track. This track has 45 mm between rails. If it was all as easy, many of the large scale installations are outside in the yard or in a barn.
Many of these trains are used by aficionados who run their systems outdoors. The locomotives look great, pulling their cars through flower and herb gardens.
The locomotives are quite big. Think of a full scale 50-foot-long locomotive: In a 1:29 scale (1 inch represents 29 feet), the model train would be approximately 20-21 inches long!
“O” is he most popular gauge. The gauge for “O” is 1 and a quarter inches; the scale is 1:48. That same 50-foot-locomotive, in this model scale, is about 12 and a half inches long.
S-gauge Just a bit smaller than “O” gauge as are the train models. This size has tracks with a gauge of 7/8 inches and a scale of 1:64. Our prototype 50-foot locomotive is only 9 and 3/8 inches long in this
Small but Very….Very popular
Those above the largest of the trains. So how small are the small ones then?
There’s the HO gauge. HO literally stands for “half of O”. This class of trains is built to be exactly one half the size of “O” gauge models. When compared to the full-size trains, the HO has a scale of 1:87. That makes our 50-foot, life-size locomotive prototype just 7 inches long in this scale.
This may appear very small to you; in fact extremely small, but the HO models are an ideal size for building a great layout where space is an issue. These locomotives are large enough to display detail, and they really are quite easy to work with.
HO is the most popular of all model railroad gauges and scales. More than two-thirds of modellers rank it as their favourite size!
But we go even smaller than that when we view the “N” gauge. This model, with a scale of 1:160, has a gauge of 9 mm between the rails. It’s preferred by hobbyists who don’t have as much room as they’d like for their layouts. There are some massive N gauge layouts to be seen and the some very wide range of scenery and accessories available.
There are other model train scales and track gauges but they are either massive or very small. The extreme top and bottom of the size range represent a very small sector in the Railroad modellers scope so we will not go into detail right now.
Leaving civilization behind
Not everyone who owns a pickup truck uses it solely to drive to work and back every day. Some people expect a little bit more out of their vehicle, and a lot of the time, that includes off-road performance. If you are the kind of driver who likes to take their truck off of the beaten path and do a little exploring, then you know just how risky that can be for your truck’s body and glasswork.
Bumpers only do so much when you are up against obstacles such as snapping tree branches, rocky outcroppings or fallen logs – not to mention what could happen if your truck loses its grip and slides backwards or forwards down a steep incline. There’s no question that a tough pickup truck can take this kind of abuse, but it’s usually at the expense of fragile items like headlights, taillights and fenders.
Keeping it safe
It’s clear that for serious off-roading, certain steps need to be taken to protect the investment you have made in your truck. What kind of wholesale truck accessories are out there for you to use in your quest to keep your truck looking as good as it runs? One of the best options for full trail protection are grille guards. These strong guards are made out of stainless steel, and when mounted on the front of your vehicle they provide a layer of armor that is designed to deflect even the toughest possible abuse.
Wholesale grille guards
There are grille guards out there to fit every application, from the smallest cute-ute to a full-size pickup or sport-utility vehicle. These grilles can also be ordered in a wide variety of styles. You can go for an aggressive guard which sticks out from the front of your truck and lets the world know you mean business, or you can opt for a more discrete grille guard that is flush with bodywork and adopts an almost stock-looking appearance.
Protection front and back
Grille guards take care of protecting your vehicle’s grille and delicate radiator, as well as headlights and turn signals. However, they can often be combined with small guards which mount over the rear turn signals to give you the same level of safety when it comes to keeping your rear glass safe and sound.
Not just for off-road incidents
Grille guards can serve as more than an off-road insurance policy. With their high profile and sturdy construction, these guards can serve as the ideal mounting point for driving lights or even fog lights. A row of lights across the top of a guard combined with fog lights mounted under the bumper can give your truck an extra level of visibility and illumination that drastically increases safety. Even better, using a grille guard to mount your lights means that you won’t be giving up any bed space to an intrusive roll or light bar for overhead mounting.
Custom fit for a great look
Wholesale grille guards are built to fit specific models for each of the major manufacturers such as Ford, Chevrolet and Dodge. This ensures that there are no unsightly gaps or awkward mountings to be found once the guard is installed. The attention to detail found in these types of grille guards will have people swearing that they were installed at the factory.
A wooden garage is an awesome addition to your property. It adds value and marketability to your home, looks great and has additional benefits like sturdy construction, better design and good insulation compared to metal counterparts. But they come with one drawback: they are a beacon for pests.
Because a wooden garage tends to be warmer, made of a consumable material (thanks to termites) and more natural looking, it is an inviting environment for spiders, insects, small mammals and other creepy crawlies that will take refuge there if allowed.
Here is your how to guide on protecting your wooden garage from all the little critters that might find their way in.
Restain The Wood Regularly
The first step to avoiding pests is to make sure they have to way to get in. The most common gateway it through damage to the external of your garage, mainly in the wood itself. Over time your lumber can crap, form gaps between plants, warm or rot. This allows pests to get in. Restaining the wood every three to five years will keep it healthy and free of openings.
If you find some damage has already occurred, fix it as soon as possible to avoid an infestation taking hold.
Keep Gutters Clean
Gutters on your garage can be a refuge for insects and spiders during the drier months. Keeping them clear is a good idea as it gives them less places to hide out before making their way into your garage.
Every season to a cleaning to make sure there are no nests, hives or webs. Get rid of debris where they could hide. You may also want to put on gutter covers to keep them from getting in in the first place.
Clear Outside Bramble
Bramble and debris around your garage is another place where pests might make their home. This includes old, dead plants and bushes, old trees, overgrown patches of flora, etc. Clearing these out periodically won’t just keep pests away, but it could make your house look a lot better in the process.
Make sure before winter to do any clearing of old, dead gardens and other areas around your garage, so it is ready for the coming winter months.
Fix Damage Promptly
As mentioned above, any damage to your wood can let in pests. It might have even been caused by them. Often when there are holes in lumber it was eaten away by termites. Other critters can get in through these holes or hide in the walls. The last thing you want is to go about your business in your wooden garage and not realize that there is an infestation all around you, just waiting to pour out.
Check for any external damage regularly. The moment you see it, even if it is a tiny crack or fracture in the wood, take care of it immediately. That will give pests less time to find it and move on in.
Do Seasonal Checkups
A seasonal checkup is always a good idea. This is when you go through the outside and inside looking for signs of problems. The most common issue you will run across is areas in the wood being worn down, often discolored. That is a sign that the stain on the wood has become too thin and you need a new coat. You can just slap some on that area until you are ready to do a full restaining, if you don’t find other signs of wear.
Know The Times of Year For Risks
Different times of year come with different risks. Your wooden garage is going to be most appealing in the winter, when different creatures are trying to get out of the cold. But at the same time, the chill will kill many of them before they can get in. So your risk there is that some pests will come into your garage and breed as the months become warmer. All it takes is two to wreak havoc.
Most of your infestation risks are going to be during the summer. There are a larger number of pests out there, so more to defend against.
Weather strip Your Wooden Garage
Another way you can keep pests out is by closing up any cracks that they might slide through. Your windows and doors are the big culprits and you can seal them up using a bit of weather stripping. You can find kits to do it yourself at any hardware store. There are also companies that will do it for you.
Remember that wooden garages also have beams and places in the roof that could let pests in. You may want to consider redoing the roof every once in awhile.
Declutter and Maintain Organization
If your wooden garage is cluttered it is more likely to hide pests and keep you from seeing the signs. How will you know there are mouse droppings if your floor is covered in junk? How will you see webs if they are behind a bunch of packed shelves?
Keep your garage maintained and organized and you will be able to keep it clear of critters.
Increase The Lighting
Pests, especially insects and spiders, like to congregate where there is less light. The shadows are their friends and if you can’t see in corners, how do you know if anything is there, making its home? Installing better lighting is a great defense against this.
Consider putting in large, fluorescent strip lights. These can light up an entire garage regardless of its size.
Deal With Problems Fast
Remember, the faster you deal with problems the less time they will have to grow. The second you see the signs of a pest issue you need to take care of it. That means seeing a single mouse, black widow spider, or any other problematic creepy creature that might be living in your wooden garage.
Some of these can be taken care of yourself using traps, fumigating bombs and other methods that can be purchased from your local hardware store. But if you worry it might be a bigger issue you should call a professional.
As I was completing the edit of my soon to be published business development books last night, I took a break to watch the news. CNN World Sport was on at the time.
At the end of the program, CNN correspondences who covered the London 2012 Olympic Games were asked to share their most memorable moments of the games.
For most of the British correspondence, their most memorable moments was Mo Farah winning gold in the 5000m or Bradley Wiggins winning gold or the overall performance of Team GB that saw them produce their best Olympic result in decades.
What was your Olympic moment? Care to share?
Everyone have their own Olympic memorable moments. For me it was Usain Bolt of Jamaica winning his triple double gold medals.
Gee I almost forgot!
One of the greatest moments of the London 2012 Olympic was when Nigerian rower Hamadou Djibo Issaka triumphantly crossed the finishing line. Even though he finished last, his was the triumph of the human spirit.
As entrepreneurs, what lesson can we learn from the Olympians? I personally have a lot of respect for the Olympians because it takes tremendous discipline and will power to be an Olympian.
There are two lessons to be learnt:
• One: preparation pays off
• The ability to market or brand oneself
Usain Bolt won in 9.63sec. But how long did it take him to prepare for just those few seconds? Try four years. As entrepreneurs, the majority of us fail to take the time to prepare because we feel it is too time consuming. Remember if you fail to prepare, you are prepared to fail.
The second important lesson is marketing. Who was London 20120 Olympic Games about? A single person: Usain Bolt.
For most Americans the London 2012 Olympics was about Michael Phelps or Gabby Douglas. For the Brits it was about the performance of Team GB and for the Aussies it was about the miserable performance of their athletes.
But while the Americans might know Michael Phelps or Gabby Douglas, or the Brits might know Mo Farah or Bradley Wiggins, hardly anyone else in the world might know them.
Michael Phelps could walk on the High Street on a busy Saturday in London, hardly anyone would recognise him. But not Usain Bolt. If he landed in Bangladesh or Nigeria, he could turn the entire city upside down. Even before the Olympics, he was already on billboards in the UK.
Can you imagine Michael Phelps on billboards in the UK or any European country?
That is the power of marketing. So as you go back to your businesses, the question that I want you to be asking yourself is: how can you use the Usain Bolt marketing strategy in your business. Trust me it is very effective.
Ha! One last thing I almost forgot again. In the same CNN program a British athlete was asked if she had received a call from British Prime Minister David Cameron, she replied not yet. The reporter remarked that American athletes receive calls from President Obama.
She responded that she was going to have a word. Well I am having a word on their behalf that Prime Minister David Cameron at least makes the call. She is looking forward to it.