Home Water Filtration Systems
People need home water filtration systems for a variety of reasons. Most talk about having cleaner drinking water, or water that tastes better so they can drink it instead of buying bottled water. Others are looking for water softeners, to eliminate some of the chemicals and minerals in ground water that interact with soaps to make them less effective, or that leave leave residue on your skin and dishes. With good water filtration, your water can be pure or at least soft, which in the long run will save you money and make you healthy.
Drinking Water Filtration Systems
The first thing most people think of in a filtration system is drinking water. You can get several different kinds of drinking water purifiers: a carbon filter, reverse osmosis filters, UV filters, and ceramic filters are the most common. Each works in a different way, but all clean microorganisms from your water, and most clean more significantly.
The lowest level of filtration, and the least expensive, is the carbon filter. This is the sort of water filtration system that screws onto your faucet, clearing water by bending it through layers of activated charcoal. Impurities stick to the carbon, remaining behind while clean water goes through. These filters need to be changed fairly often, as they lose effectiveness fairly quickly. Ceramic filters are similar, but use a layer of silicon diatomaceous earth instead of carbon.
UV filters work very differently; they use concentrated ultraviolet light to kill any biological impurities in the water, but do not remove the debris. Industrial UV filters are used in hospitals, but when the same filters are used in private homes, they are usually part of a water filter system, and the debris is filtered out through some other means.
Reverse osmosis filters are the last common drinking water purifier, and filter out impurities through a passive filter system that is extraordinarily effective, even filtering salt out of ocean water. This filter frequently has an activated carbon filter and a UV filter as well, ensuring that your drinking water is as pure as possible.
Other Home Water Filtration Systems
Recent studies have suggested that our water is over-chlorinated, and not only does the chlorine interact poorly with your shampoo, it vaporizes and becomes chloroform gas in a steamy shower, a lung irritant that can exacerbate asthma or bronchitis. To eliminate this problem, many people install a shower filter, a device that attaches to the shower. Because carbon does not work well with hot water, shower filters use metallic filters to attract chlorine and other impurities, and the water that comes out of your shower should be soft and pure. (The first thing you'll probably notice is that you use much less soap for the same results.)
You can also get a home water filtration system; this fastens at the beginning of your indoor water system and uses multiple filters to eliminate chlorine, bacteria, and other contaminants before the water gets anywhere else in your water system. This is an excellent way to make sure all the water that touches your family, inside or out, is as pure and healthy as possible.